Preventive Dentistry is the practice of keeping a healthy mouth. From daily brushing to annual dental cleanings, there are many forms of preventive dentistry. These practices are designed to ensure that teeth are clean, strong, and white. The two main causes of tooth loss are decay and gum disease. The better you prevent or deal with these two problems, the more chance you will have of keeping your teeth for life. Children should be taught proper oral hygiene at an early age.
Fluoride Treatment : Fluoride is effective in preventing cavities and tooth decay by coating your teeth and preventing plaque from building up and hardening on the tooth's surface.
Pit & Fissure Sealants : A pit-and-fissure sealant is a thin plastic coating of an organic polymer (resin) placed in the pits and fissures of teeth to act as a physical barrier. The sealant bonds to the enamel surface of the tooth so that plaque bacteria cannot colonize within the pits and fissures. The procedure is aesthetic, noninvasive and cost-effective for dental patients.
A filling is a way to restore a tooth, damaged by decay, back to its normal function and shape. Cavity filling prevents a tooth from further erosion and decay. The types of tooth fillings include tooth-colored composite material, porcelain, and a special type of glass. When a dentist gives you a filling, he or she first removes the decayed tooth material, cleans the affected area, and then fills the cleaned-out cavity with a filling material. By closing off spaces where bacteria can enter, a filling also helps prevent further decay.
Root Canal Treatment
A cavity that involves the nerve (pulp) of the tooth may cause a child to experience intense pain. Pulpotomy is the procedure used to try to save a badly decayed tooth with an infected pulp. It is also known as ‘baby root canal’ as it is more commonly performed on baby teeth, especially molars. Early loss of primary teeth may cause problems during the eruption of permanent teeth. Therefore, it is best to avoid early loss of primary molars by properly treating the nerve of the infected teeth with a pulpotomy.
A dental crown is a tooth-shaped ‘cap’ that is placed over a damaged tooth to protect it from fracturing and restoring it to full health. When a tooth is damaged, or a cavity becomes too deep or large for a filling to be done, crowns are often the answer to the problem. A tooth cap fully encases the visible portion of the tooth that is exposed above the gum line. Dental crowns can be made of a gold alloy, stainless steel, all-porcelain or all-ceramic, composite resin, zirconia, or porcelain on the outside fused to metal or zirconia on the inside.
A tooth extraction is the removal of a tooth from its socket in situations when the tooth is beyond repair. Children getting braces may also need to have some teeth extracted to allow teeth to move to their proper positions. After extraction, children should continue with a regular oral hygiene routine, but they should be extremely careful around the area of the extraction. With proper and gentle care, recovery from an extraction should be very quick.
Children may need space maintainers if they lose a tooth early or have a baby (primary) tooth extracted due to dental decay. Regardless of why a child has missing primary teeth, it's important to consider space maintainers to ensure the child develops permanent teeth in correct locations. A space maintainer is an appliance that is custom-made by a dentist or orthodontist in acrylic or metal material. They are of two types – removable and fixed. Space maintainers are not permanent, and they are removed when permanent teeth erupt.
Sports Mouth Guard
Every parent wants their kids to stay healthy and active, which is why they encourage their children to participate in sports. However, the possibility of dental injury always exists. Kids who take part not only in contact sports such as basketball, football, hockey, etc. but also in non-contact sports such as skateboarding or mountain biking, can benefit from wearing a protective mouthguard. Mouth guards work by simultaneously cushioning the face and bite while spreading and dissipating impact.
There are a number of dental appliances used today but braces are still the primary means for straightening and correcting misaligned teeth in children. Braces work by applying pressure to the teeth and jaws to move them into a desired position. There are many types of braces available and the orthodontist will recommend any type of brace for a child depending on the tooth condition of the child. Braces still pose plenty of challenges, and certainly one of the least pleasant parts of wearing braces is getting them tightened.